Capitalize on individual job titles when referring to a specific role. Don`t capitalize if you`re referring to the role in general. (i) The names of festivals and festivals are in capital letters: Here are the correct spelling and capitalization rules for some common technological terms: Here, the words equator, north pole and universe do not need capital letters, because they are not strictly proper names. Some people still choose to take advantage of it; This is not wrong, but it is not recommended. (g) Proper nouns shall always be capitalized. A proper name is a name or title that refers to a single person, place, institution or event. Here are some examples: If the abbreviation or acronym is known, like API or HTML, use it instead (and don`t worry about writing it down). If there`s a chance your reader won`t recognize an abbreviation or acronym, write it down the first time you mention it. Then use the short version for all other references. If the abbreviation is not clearly linked to the full version, indicate it in parentheses. (e) Similarly, words that identify nationalities or ethnic groups should be capitalized: if the name of a state name appears in the body of a text, spell it out. If the name of a city and a state is used together, the name of the state must be abbreviated (except Alaska, Hawaii, Idaho, Iowa, Maine, Ohio, Texas, and Utah).
States should also be abbreviated when used as part of an abbreviated form of political affiliation. Examples: He traveled to Nashville, Tennessee. The peace agreement was signed in Dayton, Ohio. The storm began in Indiana and moved westward toward Peoria, Illinois. We use different forms of capitalization. In the title, the first letter of each word is capitalized, except for articles, prepositions, and conjunctions. In capital letters, the first letter of the first word is in uppercase. Overall, however, it is best to express the accent not with capital letters, but with italics.
There is no need to capitalize a word just because there is only one thing it can relate to: sometimes it is strange to use the number. If it`s an expression that usually uses spelled numbers, leave them that way. The content of newspapers and other mass media is usually the result of the collaboration of many different authors and publishers. The AP style provides consistent guidelines for these publications in terms of grammar, spelling, punctuation, and language usage. Some guiding principles behind the AP style are: Why the difference? Well, a Danish pastry is just a certain type of pastry; it does not have to come from Denmark. Similarly, French windows are just a certain type of window, and Russian dressing is just a certain type of dressing. Even then, you can capitalize on these words if you want, as long as you`re consistent. However, keep in mind how convenient it can be to make a difference: Here`s how each state is abbreviated in AP style (with zip code abbreviations in parentheses): Glossaries and live links: In long documents, even if you set an acronym or abbreviation on first use, it can be difficult to find the sentence in which the term was spelled, and readers are likely to be frustrated trying to go back and find the identifying phrase a few pages (or chapters) later. Also, many technical terms are not familiar to the general reader (that would be anyone outside of your own area of expertise). So, be friendly. If you`re writing a book or a long report, create a glossary to help the reader keep track of the acronyms, terms, and abbreviations that specialize in the longer documents. Nowadays, you can usually ask your editor or editorial assistant to link live dictionary entries to the actual use of these terms in the text.
However, even with the existence of such links, it is useful to define during the first use. Some general rules: If your question is not covered below, check out the Associated Press Stylebook. For spelling issues not covered here, see Webster`s New Collegiate Dictionary. For ordinal numbers, first spell to ninth place and use numbers for 10th and above when describing the order in time or place. Examples: second base, 10th in a row. Some atomic numbers, for example. B those indicating the political or geographical order, should use numbers in all cases. Examples: 3rd District Court, 9th District. In general, formal titles should be capitalized if they appear before a person`s name, but lowercase letters if they are informal, appear without a person`s name, follow a person`s name, or are placed in front of a name by commas.
Also adjectives in lowercase that denote the status of a title. If a title is long, place it after the person`s name or put it with commas in front of the person`s name. Examples: President Bush; President-elect Obama; Senator Harry Reid; Evan Bayh, Senator from Indiana; Indiana Senator Dick Lugar; former President George H.W. Bush; Paul Schneider, Assistant Secretary of Homeland Security. (j) Many religious terms are capitalized, including the names of religions and their followers, the names or titles of divine beings, the titles of certain important figures, the names of important events, and the names of holy books: For cardinal numbers, see individual entries in the Associated Press stylebook. If no use is specified, write numbers less than 10 and use numbers for numbers 10 and above. Example: The man had five children and 11 grandchildren. h) The names of the characteristic historical periods are capitalized: capital letters are also used when writing certain abbreviations and related types of words, including short names of organizations and societies, as well as in letters and titles of essays. Use numbers for dates and years.
Do not use st, nd, rd or th with dates and use Arabic numerals. Always capitalize on the months. Spell the month unless it is used with a date. If you have a date, abbreviate only the following months: January, February, August, September, October, November, and December. Below are common style issues, specific exceptions, or explanations for the AP Style and UL Lafayette spellings: When referring to money, use numbers. For cents or amounts of $1 million or more, spell the words hundred, million, billion, trillion, etc. Examples: $26.52, $100,200, $8 million, 6 cents. In the first, the title of the president is capitalized because it is a title that refers to a specific person; in the second, there is no capital letter, because the word president does not refer to anyone in particular.
(Compare We asked for a meeting with President Wilson and *I want to be President Wilson of a large company.) The same difference is made in a few other words: we write government and parliament when we refer to a particular government or parliament, but we write government and parliament when we use words in general. And also consider the following example: The Associated Press Stylebook provides an A-Z guide on topics such as capitalization, abbreviation, punctuation, spelling, numbers, and many other language usage issues. Below are summaries of some of the most common style rules. Note: There is a problem with brand names that have been so successful that they are used in normal language as generic labels for product classes. The makers of Kleenex and Sellotape are upset to find people who use kleenex and sellotape as ordinary words for face wipes or tape of any kind, and some of these manufacturers may actually take legal action against this practice. When writing for publication, you need to be careful, and it`s best to capitalize on such words when using them. .